Prevention is the best medicine when it comes to bunions
Advanced bunions often require expensive, painful bunion surgery, so it may be best to prevent the deformity.
Individuals who are at risk of developing bunions - like dancers, athletes or those with a family history of the deformity - should consider preventing the bony protrusion, since an advanced bunion may require a painful, unreliable and expensive operation.
There are several different types of bunion surgery. In fact, WebMD reports that there are an estimated 100 techniques for the operation, and that little research has been done on which surgery is most effective for certain individuals.
Considering this, bunion surgery is almost always a gamble. It is not always effective - meaning that bunions could come back - and is likely to cause pain and immobility, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. This may require patients to take time off work.
Additionally, the operation may be considered to be cosmetic by some insurance companies who do not offer coverage for bunion surgery.
To avoid the invasive procedure, individuals may want to prevent the development or the advancement of bunions or hammer toe with bunion splints or orthotics, which have been shown to be effective in staving off the unsightly deformity.